अब के गर्ने (What do we do now) ?



अङ्ग्रेजी संस्करण तल छ । English version follows.
के गर्ने भन्नेबारे तपाईँको बिचार के छ? मसँग हामीहरु आफैँ-आफैँले गर्नसक्ने केहि कामहरुको योजना छ, बहस गर्नेभए इमेलमा वा तल कमेन्ट बक्समा छलफल गरौँ ।
I have a plan about a couple of things we can do from our side. If you have some ideas about “what do we do now,” let’s discuss them over email or in the comment box below.


अहिले टेलिभिजनमा भट्टराईको चर्चित मुख बन्द गरी गरी आधा हाँसिने कुटिल र आडम्बरी मुस्कान देख्दा मेरो मनमा अनायसै विचार आउँछ, “कठै बरा हामी नेपाली जनता ।” हिरोको आशमा तड्पिरहेको समाजको नियती यस्तै नै हो।

Politicos (picture: nepalitimes.com)

Politicos (picture: nepalitimes.com)

हाम्रा नेताजीहरु साह्रै बिग्रिए। वास्तवमा भन्ने हो भने उनीहरुको केहि काम छैन। राजाहरु हुँदासम्म कम्तिमा देशको अलिकति इज्जत भने थियो। उनीहरु विश्वका नामी विश्वविद्यालयहरुमा पढेका थिए, संसारका धेरै महत्वपूर्ण व्यक्तिहरु र नेताहरुसँग उनीहरुको व्यक्तिगत सम्बन्ध पनि थियो। यस्तो अप्ठेरो भुगोल र पिछडिएको समाजलाई आधुनिक देशमा बदल्न संयुक्त राष्ट्रसंघको सदस्यता बनाउने देखी लिएर आफ्ना नागरिकहरुलाई विश्वका धेरै ठाउँमा स्थापित गराउन उनीहरु सफल थिए। एककिसिमको सद्भाव थियो नेपालप्रति त्यतिखेर विश्वसमुदायमा। त्यसैले त करीब-करीब हाम्रो जस्तै स्थिति भएको तिब्बत, सिक्किम, भुटान, कस्मिर, अफ्गानिस्तान जस्ता ठाउँहरुको तुलनामा हामी धेरै अगाडि बढेका पनि थियौँ। भारतकै आधाभन्दा बढि राज्यहरुभन्दा हाम्रो विकासको स्तर ५-६ वर्षअघिसम्म पनि राम्रो थियो। नेताहरुलाई आन्दोलन गर्न र बिगार्नबाहेक केहि आउँदैन। उनीहरुलाई बरु स्थिति बिग्रिरहोस, ताकि आफुले विरोध गर्न पाइरहुँ भन्ने भावना छ, किनकि बनाउन उनीहरुलाई आउँदैन। ४६ सालपछि प्राप्त ठुलो अवसरलाई उनीहरुले संस्कार र संस्थाहरुको विकास गर्न खर्च नगरी खेर जानै दिए। अहिलेपनि गर्न सकिने धेरै कामहरु गर्नुको साटो नेपालले फेरी त्यहि दुश्चक्र बेहोर्नुपरिरहेको छ। लाग्छ नेपालको नियती सधैँ २०१७ सालकै वरिपरी घुमिरहनु हो, सँधै एकै गल्तीको लागि हामीले मूल्य चुकाइदिइरहनुपर्ने ।

कुनै हिसाबले पुष्टि गर्न नसकिने इतिहासकै सबैभन्दा महङ्गो युद्धमा नेपाल जाकियो। बाबुराम भट्टराई लगायतका केहि अहंकारी मानिसहरुको व्यक्तिगत इच्छा र कुण्ठाको खातिर नेपाली जनताले के मात्र बलिदान गरेनन् ? पढाइमा जान्ने भएको, लायक भएर पनि मौका नपाएको जस्ता अनेक बहानामा भट्टराईलाई मिडियाले र जनताले निकै माया गरिराखे। आखिर देशको सबैभन्दा पुरानो संस्था, प्रजातन्त्र, नागरिक अधिकार, आर्थिक विकास लगायतका महत्वपूर्ण निकायहरु धेरै नसोचिकन पनि उनिहरुले त्याग्न तयार भइदिए। के का लागि? अहिले टेलिभिजनमा भट्टराईको चर्चित मुख बन्द गरी गरी आधा हाँसिने कुटिल र आडम्बरी मुस्कान देख्दा मेरो मनमा अनायसै विचार आउँछ, “कठै बरा हामी नेपाली जनता ।”

अब फेरी अर्को २०१७ सालको चक्र दोहोरिएर दु:ख पाउनु अघि हामीले केहि सोच्नुपर्ने भएको छ। किन हामीसँग यस्तो भइरहेको छ ? मलाई लाग्छ हाम्रा बुझाइ र चाहनाहरुमा समस्या छन्। हामी प्रधानमन्त्रि, राष्ट्रपति वा राजामा सबै समस्याको समाधान देख्न चाहन्छौँ, राजनीति गर्ने असफल मानिसहरुपनि प्रधानमन्त्रि भएपछि मात्र सबैकुरा गर्न सकिन्छ भन्ने सोच्छन् । आखिर सिनेमाका अभिनेतालाई “हिरो” भन्ने समाज शायद हाम्रै मात्र हो दुनिँयामा। हिरोको आशमा तड्पिरहेको समाजको नियती यस्तै नै हो। प्रधानमन्त्रि वा राष्ट्रपतिले सबै अधिकार पाएमात्र विकास हुन्छ भन्ने हामीलाई लाग्छ।

त्यसकारण अबदेखि विद्यालय तहबाट नै केहि आवश्यक सिद्दान्तहरु हामीसबैले पढ्नु जरुरी छ। हामीमा नागरिक दायित्व, सामाजिक चेत र इतिहासको मूल्याङ्ककन गर्ने क्षमता विकास हुनु जरुरी छ। स्कूलमै टोलीहरु बनाई समाज र राष्ट्रबारे कृतिम समस्याहरु दिएर, कसरी समाधान गर्छौ, छलफल गरेर आऊ भन्ने गृहकार्यहरु दिनु आवश्यक छ, यस किसिमको एक विषय अब पढाइनु जरुरी छ । हाम्रो देशका अधिकांस बुज्रुकहरु अझै पनि यस्ता हाँस्यास्पद तर्क वा कुतर्कहरु गर्छन, त्यो पनि खुलेआम सार्वजनिक रुपमा वा संचार-माध्यमहरुमा, जुन सुन्दा कुनैपनि सभ्य समाजका बच्चाहरु पनि हाँस्दा हुन्। तीभन्दा बढि दार्शनिक र गंभिर कुराहरु त मैले कतिपय विदेशि गीत र सिनेमाहरुमा सुनेको छु- मलाई लाग्छ जति पढेको-सुनेको भनेपनि त्यस्तो एउटा औसत साङ्गितक समूहले हाम्रा नेताहरुले भन्दा बढि जिवन र दुनिँया देखेको होला, बढि तार्किक र व्यवाहारिक सक्षमता होला ।

All smiles, Baburam Bhattarai.

All smiles, Baburam Bhattarai.

यति सब हुँदा हुँदै पनि हामीलाई अहिले पनि रुकमाङ्गद कटुवाल वा ज्ञानेन्द्र शाह, वा बाबुराम-प्रचण्ड नै तर बहुमत वा कार्यकारी राष्ट्रपतीय अधिकार सहित, वा गगन थापा वा रवीन्द्र अधिकारी नआई देश विकास हुँदैन भन्ने लाग्छ। यी सब अप्ठेरो काम नगरी सुख पाउने छोटा बाटाहरुका कल्पना मात्र हुन् । तपाईँको घर, छरछिमके, टोल, संस्था, वा जिल्लाहरुमा समस्या पहिल्याउने, समाधान गर्ने र मूल्याङ्कन गर्ने बारे जबसम्म उचित विधि र चेतनाको विकास हुँदैन, तबसम्म देशमा जोसुकै आएपनि दिगो विकास हुँदैन। त्यसैले पहिले नेताहरु कस्ता चाहिने भन्दा पनि हामीहरु कस्ता बन्ने भन्ने बारे हामी निधो गरौँ । यो गाह्रो बाटो हो, तर बढि दिगो हो, यसले कम्तीमा हाम्रो समाजले चाहेको दार्शनिक, आर्थिक, र राजनीतिक स्वरुप अनि भविष्य कस्तो हो भन्ने बारे बहस चलाएर एक-किसिमको मार्गचित्र निर्धारण गर्छ, साँचो रुपमा समाज निर्माण गर्छ। सबै समाजहरुले यसकिसिमको बहस गरेका छन् कुनै न कुनै समय। युरोपमा रेनेसाँ र इनलाइट्मेन्टबाट यो क्रम शुरु भयो, त्यसैगरी अमेरीकामा त्यहाँको स्वतन्त्रता आन्दोलन र संविधान बन्ने क्रममा भएका बहसहरुले त्यो देशको रुपरेखा कोर्यो। हाम्रोमा जबसम्म यस्तो केहि हुँदैन, हामीलाई आफ्नो बाटो के हो, कता जाने हो, के गर्ने हो भन्ने थाहा हुँदैन, सजिला बाटाहरु सबै निराशामा बदलिने निश्चित नै छन् ।


English version:


Our politicos have failed us- we think they are good for nothing. At least we had some sort of national pride and prestige while the kings were still there. The kings had gone to the world’s best universities, were personal friends with many important figures and leaders from all around the world. They were successful in establishing this country in many fronts. Just until a few years ago, Nepal was in a lot better shape than most Indian states. We were more advanced and developed than comparable land masses like Bhutan, Sikkim, Tibet, Kashmir and Afghanistan. The Kings steered the modern era of Nepal (starting from 1950) and led the country from a state of backwardness to where our citizens had gone to assume important duties around the world. We were successful in earning a lot of goodwill from the international community as well.

Baburam Bhattarai

Baburam Bhattarai (picture: nepalitimes.com)

All our politicos know is to bicker and to damage. They’d prefer situation to go from bad to worse, so that they’d have something to protest and bicker about. This is because they find it easier than actually doing something, constructing and developing the society. It’s easier for them to do what they are capable of. We had immense opportunities in the period after 1990, but by not establishing proper values and institutionalizing the system, they let it be wasted. Even now, a lot of things could be done, but Nepal has been subjected to similar practices. Sometimes I wonder if our destiny is tied around the 1960 coup and if that is what we’ll always be circling around.

Nepal was forced into a very long war which has no justification and cost us a great deal (recently, there have been new revelations to substantiate a long-held suspicion in Nepal that Maoist war was in large part sponsored by the Indian government). After all, what did the people not sacrifice for the sake of the personal frustrations and aspirations (of power) of a few men like Baburam Bhattarai? Bhattarai was the loved son of the people, and the darling boy of our media- because he was good in studies and they thought he was able but deprived of opportunities to implement his ideas. For his and their sake, we let go Nepal’s oldest institutions, democracy, civil rights and economic development. I wonder what was that for. These days, when I see Bhattarai’s sly and famous closed-mouth smile on television, I feel deeply sorry for the people of our country.

Before we go through another cycle of 1960 coup, there are issues that require us to do some soul-searching. Why are we having to go through all this? I think it is because of some fundamental problems with our understanding of things and aspirations out of what we have. We expect all our solutions to incarnate in the form of a Prime Minister, President or a king. Similarly, the failed people who are our politicos, also harbor this misconception that they’ll be able to do everything once they get to power. After all, we are the only society in the world to call movie actors as “heroes.” A society that desperately waits for a hero to come and rescue it is destined to be like ours.

Prachanda to Stalin (picture: nepalitimes.com)

Prachanda to Stalin (picture: nepalitimes.com)

That’s why I think we need to study some basic values and principles starting from the school itself. We need to inculcate a minimum level of civic sense, social understanding, and the basic skills of evaluating problems, history and coming up with solutions. Children in schools should be given artificial problems related to the society and nation, and be made to come up with solutions for them by discussing, working in groups and constructing proper arguments. It is high time we introduce this kind of teaching and understanding in our society.

Many well established thinkers of our society put stupid and illogical arguments in public space and media, so stupid that I think they may sound ridiculous to even some kids in civilized societies. I have heard more philosophical and serious things in some foreign songs and movie dialogs. I wonder if an average musical band has more understanding of the world, of logic, and practical insights than some of our leaders who are lauded for being intellectual.

Despite this, we’re still waiting for some Rukmangat Katwal, Gyanendra Shah, or Baburam-Prachanda with executive presidential powers, or Gagan Thapa or Rabindra Adhikari to come along and rescue us from the present quagmire. These are all short-cuts to success requiring little work from our side. Unfortunately, the road to success is not always straight; a long and winding road may be more challenging, but the success it provides at the end will be more sustainable and long lasting. Unless we develop proper methods and institutions to come up with solutions at the level of our homes, neighborhood, organizations or districts, expecting rapid development at a national level is a bit too far-fetched. 

Baburam Bhattarai

Baburam Bhattarai (picture: nepalitimes.com)


So, when we discuss about the kind of leaders we want, let us also discuss what kind of society we want, and what kinds of citizens we want to be. This way, we’ll launch a discussion about the kind of philosophical, economic and political structure and future we want for ourselves and help carve a road-map for our society. This is true society building, nation building. All advanced societies have been through it. There were Renaissance and Enlightenment in Europe and after its civil war, the USA established a set of values on constitution and civil liberties. Until we are ready to take a similar route and be sure of ourselves by debating what is it that we want, what road and future we need, all short but easy routes are bound to give us more failure.

3 thoughts on “अब के गर्ने (What do we do now) ?

  1. Thinking, Speaking and Doing are three inseparable parameters for good work. In recent times we Nepalese had no one with all three parameters in leading front. So all Nepalese must take the blame for present turmoil.
    1.Thinkers sold their Minds for INGOs and were busy writing long reports. Many thinkers are in journalism who write according to their Boss’s command, sometimes they write their frustation to sell them as Novel; romanticizing war, culture and dreams (just for making some money).
    2. Speakers (political leaders) were busy ranting and brainwashing the general mass. They were busy commanding their cadres how much to extort ransom from businessmen, explainig what percentage to deposit and how much to keep with themselves.
    3. The Doers found it easy not to think or speak, went to Arabs and worked as much as possible.
    So,
    Some motivators who think, can speak in clear words to people, and are ready for action need to come together. The aware,vocal and active citizen need to create civic movement. The question remains who will lead, who will join hands, how many will follow.

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